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Rules Of Qurbani On Eid Ul Adha: Some Important Masail

Posted on: 05 October 2013 | Category: Health Issues | | Views: 9,775

Rules Of Qurbani On Eid Ul Adha: Some Important Masaa'il

The act of sacrificing an animal is regarded as affecting the heart, as it is connected with righteousness, with submission to Allah, with humbleness of the heart, and patience under sufferings. So when one slaughters with the proper accompanying Intention and not for the sole purpose of eating the flesh on this occasion, one is again complying with the laws in the Holy Quran and completes yet another of the pillars of Islam. The animal sacrificed is symbolic of the animal in man (man's nature). So, when he slaughters, he is reminded of the necessity to eliminate that "animal nature" which he has within him. It actually signifies the sacrifice of the sacrificer himself, and becomes the outward symbol of his readiness to lay down his life in the cause of the Supreme Creator of the universe.

Our Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) confirmed this act, and always covered his head with respect during sacrifice. He would lay the animal down and gently stroke it, then, placing his foot on the body and uttering the words "In the name of Allah, Allah is Great. O Allah! This is a sacrifice from You and is for You" he would speedily severe its throat, allowing the blood to flow readily with the least possible pain to the animal.

The sacrifice is done after the prayer is over. The chosen animal must be free from any apparent physical defect and must be fully grown and healthy. In the case of a goat or sheep, one suffices, but if it a camel or cow, seven may be partners thereto.

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Why Should One Make Qurbani?

In Islam, the sacrifice of an animal is legal from the morning of the 10th to sunset of the 12th Dhu l-Hijjah, the 12th lunar month of the Islamic calendar. On these days Muslims all over the world offer Qurbani which means a sacrifice/ slaughter of an animal on specific days for the pleasure of Allah. It is understood as a symbolic repetition of Abraham's sacrifice of a ram in place of his son, a crucial notion in Judaism, Christianity and Islam alike. Islamic preachers would use the occasion to comment on the fact that Islam is a religion of sacrifice and use this opportunity to remind Muslims of their duty of serving mankind with their time, effort and wealth.

Most schools of fiqh accept that the animal must be killed according to the prohibitions of halal sacrifice and that the animal in question must be a domesticated goat, sheep, cow or camel.

Allah says in the Qur'aan: 'It is not their flesh nor their blood that reaches Allah; it is your piety that reaches him.' 22:37

Prophet Muhammad said: The son of Adam does not do any action of the day of sacrifice which is more pleasing to Allah than the sacrifice of animals; the animal will come on the Day of Resurrection with its hair, horns and hooves (for reward). The blood certainly reaches Allah before it falls to the ground. So make yourselves purified therewith.(Tirmizi and Sunan ibn Majah)

Qurbani (sacrifice) is thus one of those deeds which are assured of acceptance before being completed.

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When Must Qurbani Be Made?

Qurbani or Sacrifice is carried out from the 10th of Zil- Hijjah (i.e. from the day of Eid-ul-Adha) after the completion of the Eid Salaah and Khutba, till sunset on the 12th of Zil- Hijjah. The times of preference for Qurbani are the first day, i.e. the 10th of Zil-Hijjah from the completion of the Eid Salaah, followed by the second day and lastly the third day.

If for some reason, animals purchased for Qurbani are not slaughtered in the time and duration of the Qurbani period, i.e. 10th, 11th & 12th of Zil-Hijjah, then such animals must be donated alive to charity.

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Who Should Make Qurbani?

The statements below need sources. While in some forms of Hajj, the sacrifice becomes mandatory or compulsory, there is debate on whether it is Wajib or Nafl with Imam Abu Hanifah maintaining it is Wajib and other jurists opining it is Nafl.

· Islam

· Sanity

· Adult Muslim male and females that have reached puberty. A person may perform the obligation on behalf of another sane adult person provided it is with their permission. A person is required to make a separate sacrifice on behalf of himself and for others that he may sacrifice for.

· Is resident (muqeem) in his home town and not on journey

· Ownership of any of the below after deduction of any debts that one may have:

- 613.35g silver (19.71 troy ounces silver) or;

- 87.48g of gold;

- the equivalent of 612.36 grams of silver in zakatable assets such as cash, stock in trade etc

- the equivalent of 612.36 grams of silver in non zakatable assets which is in excess of one's basic personal needs e.g. a second vehicle, a second home etc

Islamic scholars usually use the silver value as a benchmark of Nisab

Sacrifice of an animal is a compulsory obligation every year on the occasion of Eid al-Adha and not a once in a lifetime duty.


Those Exempted From Sacrifice

· Children

· The very poor

· The traveler

· Insane people

Should any in the above category wish to perform the sacrifice, then they may do so and this person will gain the reward of the sacrifice.


Compulsory Sacrifice and Optional Sacrifice

It is compulsory for a person to first make sacrifice in his own name. He may either purchase a sheep or a goat or one-seventh share in a domesticated camel/ cow/ ox/ buffalo or bull. Thereafter one may make (or purchase) optional sacrifice:

· In the name of Muhammad

· The Prophets of Allah such as JesusMoses

· The wives and children of Muhammad

· The Companions of the Muhammad

· The Jurists of Islam

· The saints of Islam

· One's teachers

· Deceased Muslims

It is considered sinful in Islamic Shariah for a person to perform optional (nafil) sacrifice and neglect the compulsory sacrifice.

The deceased benefit from the reward of the sacrificed animal as well as those who perform this worship on their behalf.


What Animals Must Be Used For Qurbani?


· Only the following animals may be sacrificed for Qurbani:-

 a. Goat and Sheep with a minimum of 1 year each.  

b. Cattle with a minimum of 2 years.  

c. Camels with a minimum of 5 years.


· Each goat or sheep suffices for Qurbani for one Muslim male or female; whereas each head of cattle or camel could represent the Qurbani for seven Muslim males and females, provided that:-

 a. All seven participants have uniformity in Niyyah (i.e. either Qurbani or Aqeeqah).

 b. All seven have an equal share, nobody is to have a larger portion than another even at the time of the distribution of the meat.


· It is permissible for less than seven people to have shares in a camel or a head of cattle for Qurbani; but not permissible for more than 7 people to do so.


What Type Of Defective Animals Are To Be Avoided?

The animals for Qurbani in the Name of Almighty Allah shall be in prime condition of health and free from defects. The following defects in animals disqualifies them from being used for Qurbani:-

· Animals without ears or more than one third of the ear is defective, partially blind (one third or more), or totally blind animals; animals with horns broken from the root; animals that have most or all their teeth missing; animals which have limbs broken or used three legs to walk; animals with a third or more or their tail cut off.  

· Sick and emaciated animals that lack the ability to move or walk.

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Who Should Make Zabah Or Slaughter And What Is To Be Recited?

· Owners of Qurbani animals, whether male or female, who have the knowledge of making Zabah should slaughter their own animals.

· If other persons are appointed to slaughter on their behalf, then it is better for the owners of the Qurbani animals to be present at the place and time of slaughter.

· Before slaughtering, the following Dua should be recited: "Inni wajjahtu wajhiya lillazi fataras samawaati walarda hanifaw wa maaa ana minal mushrikeen. Inna salaati wanusuki wa mahyaya wamamati lillahi rabbil a'lameen. La sharika lahu wabizaalika umirtu wa ana minal muslimeen. Allahumma minka walak."

· The person should then slaughter the animal reading: "Bismillahi Allahu Akbar."

· This Dua must also be read: "Allahumma takabalhu minni kama takabalta min habeebika Muhammadiw wa Khaleelika Ibraheema alayhimas salaatu was salaamu."


Some Important Requirements About Zabah

· The knife for Zabah has to be sharpened to the optimum, and the slaughter should be carried out quickly and effectively to minimise the suffering sustained by the animal.

· The throat of the Qurbani animal should be cut in a manner to ensure that the gullet, the wind pipe and the two external jugular veins are severed.It is Makrooh to severe the entire neck including the vertebrae. At least 3 of the four vessels mentioned above ought to be severed to meet Shari'ah requirements of proper Zabah.

· Every effort should be made to ensure that animals are not slaughtered in the presence of other live animals.

· In the process of slaughtering, the knife should be concealed till the moment of slaughter and the animal should be placed such that it allows the person slaughtering the animal to face Qibla, as this is Mustahab.

· The skinning of the slaughtered animal and dismembering of body parts should not commence until the

· animal's carcase has turned cold.

· If after slaughtering an animal it is discovered that the animal was pregnant and a live foetus appears in the belly, then it is necessary to slaughter that foetus.

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Distribution Of Qurbani Meat To Non-Muslims

Distribution of Qurbani meat or any other charity (sadqa) to "Harbi Kafir" is not permissible at all. It is mentioned in Durr-e-Mukhtar: "Even though a Harbi Kafir is peace-wanting, charity is unanimously not permissible." In Behr-ul-Raiq: "According to Shar'ah, giving something to a Harbi Kafir is not permissible, for no Sawaab can be gained through this."

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Important Advice For Muslims

Many people make Qurbani on behalf of their parents, grandparents, Prophets and Saints, and not on their behalf. By doing so, they are neglecting their Waajib and thus become sinners through this action. Every Muslim must first make Qurbani on their behalf first so that their Waajib is fulfilled. Only after the Waajib is completed and if one is able to do so, can Qurbani be made on behalf of others.

It is preferable to make Qurbani on behalf of Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) as it is virtuous and beneficial and has his blessings. Our Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) made Qurbani on behalf of all the poor people of his Ummah. This shows the love that he possessed for his Ummah. Therefore, every Muslim who is capable of making Qurbani on behalf of others should make Qurbani on behalf of our Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam).

Source: WikiPedia

Tags: Eid 2013 , Qurbani , Eid Ul Adha
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